|This article is the featured article for day 18 of the month cycle.|
|Born||June 18, 1942; age 79|
|Association with the Beatles||Bassist|
Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE, is an English singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and composer born on June 18, 1942. He was a member of The Beatles, who, with John Lennon, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr, achieved worldwide fame and several innovations in music. His partnership with Lennon, known as Lennon-McCartney, has had several successful and largely popular songs. After the band broke up, he formed Wings with guitarist Denny Laine and his wife, Linda McCartney. Later, he has pursued a solo career and has diversified in electronic pop and orchestrations.
McCartney is considered one of the most important and successful songwriters to this date; His song "Yesterday" has achieved over 2,200 covers, and "Mull of Kintyre" is one of the best selling singles in Britain. He has been inducted in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice for work as the Beatles and as a solo artist and has won 21 Grammys. He has sold 25.5 million units according to the RIAA in America. In 1965, he, along with the other Beatles was awarded the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, and he was knighted in 1997.
McCartney is also an activist promoting animal rights, a vegetarian life and music education. A vegetarian himself, McCartney has five children.
Paul McCartney was born on June 18, 1942 to parents Mary McCartney and James McCartney. On 31 October 1956, when Paul was only fourteen years old, his mother, Mary McCartney, died of breast cancer. After passing his 11-Plus exam in 1953, Paul enrolled in the Liverpool Institute, where he met future band mate, George Harrison, in 1954.
McCartney was heavily influenced by American Rhythm and Blues music. He has stated that Little Richard and Elvis were his idols when he was in school, and that the first song he ever sang in public was "Long Tall Sally," at a Butlins holiday camp talent competition.
Paul was introduced to John Lennon and his band The Quarrymen at the St. Peter's Church Hall fête in Woolton on 6 July 1957. McCartney was very interested in music due to the influence of his father, who was once a jazz musician. Paul joined the band, and he and John began writing songs together. Although John was the leader of the band, Paul was always full of ideas.
When bassist Stuart Sutcliffe quit the band, Paul became the group's permanent bassist. The Quarrymen officially changed their name to The Beatles soon after.
The Beatles After former drummer Pete Best was kicked out of the band, Ringo Starr was brought in to replace him. The Beatles soon became extremely popular in Britain and America. Paul wrote many famous songs during this time, including "Yesterday," "Hey Jude" and "Let It Be."
McCartney is a noted animal lover. He had a sheepdog named Martha and wrote a song about her called Martha My Dear. She was one of the first of many McCartney sheepdogs.
When Beatles manager Brian Epstein died of a drug overdose, McCartney urged the band to stay together, while the other three members were ready to quit. It was Paul's idea to make a new film, Magical Mystery Tour.
Unfortunately, The Beatles had some creative differences, and Paul announced they had officially broken up on April 10, 1970. The band had been wanting to disband since the death of their manager, Brian Epstein, but McCartney had kept them together. During the break-up times, Paul would try his best to get them back to what they were in 1962–66, but other band mates found it annoying and quit. Around the time of the band's breakup, Paul released his first solo album, McCartney.
Paul and Beatles drummer Ringo Starr have a few notable things in common. Paul and Ringo are both left-handed, though Ringo became ambidextrous after his grandmother constantly nagged him to write with his right hand. No matter how hard Paul tried, he never learned how to use his right hand very well. Paul and Ringo were both vegetarian, but for different reasons; Paul ethical and Ringo medical.
Early solo career and Wings
In 1971, McCartney released his second solo album, Ram. The album was credited to both Paul and his wife, Linda McCartney. In August, Paul formed the band Wings. The band consisted of Paul, his wife, guitarist Denny Laine and drummer Denny Seiwell. They soon released their debut album, Wild Life.
Wings went on tour in 1972, and released their second album, Red Rose Speedway, in 1973. That same year, Wings released Band on the Run, their most critically acclaimed album. The album got the band two Grammy Awards. Through 1975 and 1976, Wings embarked on the ambitious Wings Over the World tour, which was released as Wings Over America.
The band released music until 1981, when the band disbanded. McCartney said that the band "parted in a friendly way."
At some point, he and Linda became strict vegetarians and Animal Rights Activists. They were eating a lamb meal, and saw a lamb in the field, and that's how the whole vegetarian thing came about. All of Paul and Linda's kids are vegetarians, although Paul's son, James, is technically a vegan (because he doesn't drink milk).
McCartney's first solo album was developed during the breakup of The Beatles and was released in April 1970 about a month before the release of Let It Be. The album is notable for the fact that McCartney performed all instruments and vocals besides some backing vocals performed by his wife, Linda. The album enjoyed moderate success. The album's most memorable track is "Maybe I'm Amazed".
His second solo album, Ram, was released in 1971. Most of the songs were developed after a lengthy vacation in Scotland with Linda. The album has a deliberately ragged sound in some parts. Criticisms include comments of overly melodic tunes and overly optimistic cheerful sentiments. However, Ram has proven to be a sweet gem of an album which becomes increasingly charming as time passes and the music world evolves. The album also has an abundance of tongue in cheek humour. Take for example the song "Eat at Home" which describes McCartney's romantic wishes. The song "Too Many People" was (wrongly) received as a jab at The Beatles and particularly John Lennon. The song prompted negative remarks from Lennon and it is rumured that Lennon's song "How Do You Sleep" was produced in response to McCartney's comments in music and the press.
After former band mate John Lennon was murdered, Paul McCartney and Wings stopped touring, causing the breakup of the band. Soon after, Paul sang, along with Ringo Starr, backup on "All Those Years Ago," George Harrison's tribute to John Lennon.
In 1984, Paul wrote and starred in Give My Regards to Broad Street. The movie did not do well critically or commercially.
During the second half of the decade, Paul released five albums, including Flowers in the Dirt and Press to Play. In late 1989, McCartney embarked on his first concert tour since John Lennon's death.
Achievements and Reception
McCartney is listed in The Guinness Book Of Records as the most successful musician and composer in popular music history, with sales of 100 million singles and 60 gold discs. McCartney has achieved twenty-nine number-one singles in the US, twenty of them with The Beatles, the rest with Wings and as a solo artiste. McCartney has been involved in more number-one singles in the United Kingdom than any other artist under a variety of credits, although Elvis Presley has achieved more as a solo artise. McCartney has achieved 24 number-ones in the UK: solo (1), Wings (1), with Stevie Wonder (1), Ferry Aid (1), Ban- Aid (1), Ban- Aid 20 (1) and The Beatles (17). McCartney is the only artiste to reach the UK number one as a soloist ("Pipes of Peace"), duo ("Ebony and Ivory" with Stevie Wonder), trio ("Mull of Kintyre", Wings), quartet ("She Loves You", The Beatles), quintet ("Get Back", The Beatles with Billy Preston) and as part of a musical ensemble for charity (Ferry Aid). In America, McCartney reached number-one with 29 singles: solo (1), Wings (5), with Stevie Wonder (1), with Michael Jackson (1), with Linda McCartney (1), with the Beatles (20); he was also the composer of "A World Without Love," a #1 single for Peter and Gordon. McCartney's song "Yesterday" is the most covered song in history with more than 3,500 recorded versions and has been played more than 7,000,000 times on American TV and radio, for which McCartney was given an award. After its 1977 release the Wings single "Mull of Kintyre" became the highest-selling record in British chart history, and remained so until 1984. (Three charity singles have since surpassed it in sales; the first to do so, in 1984, was Band Aid's "Do They Know It's Christmas?", whose participants included McCartney.)
The minor planet 4148, discovered in 1983, was named 'McCartney' in his honour.
On 2 July 2005, he was involved with the fastest-released single in history. His performance of "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" with U2 at Live 8 was released only 45 minutes after it was performed, before the end of the concert. The single reached number six on the Billboard charts, just hours after the single's release, and hit number one on numerous online download charts across the world. McCartney played for the largest stadium audience in history when 184,000 people paid to see him perform at Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on 21 April 1990.
McCartney's concert in St Petersburg, Russia was his 3,000th concert and took place in front of 60,000 fans in Russia, on 20 June 2004. Over his career, McCartney has played 2,523 gigs with The Beatles, 140 with Wings, and 325 as a solo artist. However, the outlook on the upcoming concert looked dim, after several days of rain. Only his second concert in Russia, with the first just the year before on Moscow's Red Square as the former Communist U.S.S.R. had previously banned music from the Beatles as a "corrupting influence", McCartney hired 3 jets, at a reported cost of $36,000 (€29,800) (£28,000), to spray dry ice in the clouds above Saint Petersburg's Winter Palace Square in a successful attempt to prevent rain. The day McCartney flew into the former Soviet country, he celebrated his 62nd birthday, and after the concert, according to RIA Novosti news agency, he received a phone call from a fan; then-President Vladimir Putin, who telephoned him after the concert to wish him a happy birthday.
On 18 June 2006, McCartney celebrated his 64th birthday, the human milestone that was the subject of one of the first songs he ever wrote, at the age of sixteen, the Beatles song "When I'm Sixty-Four."}
- McCartney (1970)
- Ram (1971) (With Linda McCartney)
- Wild Life (1971) (With Wings)
- Red Rose Speedway (1973) (With Wings)
- Band on the Run (1973) (With Wings)
- Venus and Mars (1975) (With Wings)
- Wings at the Speed of Sound (1976) (With Wings)
- Thrillington (1977) (As Percy "Thrills" Thrillington)
- London Town (1978) (With Wings)
- Back to the Egg (1979) (With Wings)
- McCartney II (1980)
- Tug of War (1982)
- Pipes of Peace (1983)
- Give My Regards to Broad Street (1984)
- Press to Play (1986)
- Снова в СССР (1988)
- Flowers in the Dirt (1989)
- Off the Ground (1993)
- Strawberries Oceans Ships Forest (1993) (As The Fireman with Youth)
- Flaming Pie (1997)
- Rushes (As The Fireman with Youth)
- Run Devil Run (1999)
- Liverpool Sound Collage (2000)
- Driving Rain (2001)
- Twin Freaks (2005) (With The Freelance Hellraiser)
- Chaos and Creation in the Backyard (2005)
- Memory Almost Full (2007)
- Electric Arguments (2008) (As The Fireman with Youth)
- Kisses on the Bottom (2012)
- New (2013)
- Egypt Station (2018)
- McCartney III (2020)
- 1961 Hofner 500/1 Custom (1961-1964)
- 1963 Hofner 500/1 (1963-1966/1968-1970/1989-_)
- 1964 Rickenbacker 4001S-LH Fireglo (1965-1990)
- 1966 Fender Jazz Bass Sunburst (1968-1969)
- 1962 Epiphone 230TD Casino Sunburst (1965-_)
- 1964 Fender Esquire (1966-1968)
- 1964 Epiphone Texan FT-79 (1964-_)
- 1968 Martin D-28 (1968-1970)
- Ludwig Super Classic drum kit in Oyster Black Pearl finish with 22-inch kick drum (1968-1969)
- Unidentified Grand Piano (1963-_)
- "Sir Paul is Your Millennium's greatest composer". bbc.co.uk. 1999-05-03. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/334373.stm. Retrieved on 2006-11-03.
- "McCartney's Yesterday earns US accolade". bbc.co.uk. 1999-12-17. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/569537.stm. Retrieved on 2006-06-11.
- "The seven ages of Paul McCartney". BBC News. 2006-06-17. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/5087006.stm. Retrieved on 2006-06-11.