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Original Sleeve

Love Me Do

U.S. single cover

"Love Me Do" is the Beatles' first single, backed by "P.S. I Love You" and released on 5 October 1962. When the single was originally released in the United Kingdom, it peaked at number seventeen; in 1982 it was re-promoted (not re-issued, retaining the same catalogue number) and reached number four. In the United States the single was a number one hit in 1964.

Composition, recordings and releases[]

The song is an early Lennon–McCartney composition, principally written by Paul McCartney in 1958–1959 while playing truant from school at age 16.[1] John Lennon wrote the middle eight.[1][2][3] Lennon: "Paul wrote the main structure of this when he was 16, or even earlier. I think I had something to do with the middle... Love Me Do is Paul's song. He wrote it when he was a teenager. Let me think. I might have helped on the middle eight, but I couldn't swear to it. I do know he had the song around, in Hamburg, even, way, way before we were songwriters". (David Sheff. John Lennon: All We Are Saying). McCartney: "Love Me Do was completely co-written. It might have been my original idea but some of them really were 50-50s, and I think that one was. It was just Lennon and McCartney sitting down without either of us having a particularly original idea. We loved doing it, it was a very interesting thing to try and learn to do, to become songwriters. I think why we eventually got so strong was we wrote so much through our formative period. Love Me Do was our first hit, which ironically is one of the two songs that we control, because when we first signed to EMI they had a publishing company called Ardmore and Beechwood which took the two songs, Love Me Do and P.S. I Love You, and in doing a deal somewhere along the way we were able to get them back". (Barry Miles. Paul McCartney: Many Years From Now).

Their practice at the time was to scribble songs in a school notebook, dreaming of stardom, always writing "Another Lennon-McCartney Original" at the top of the page.[4] "Love Me Do" is intrinsically a song based around two simple chords: G7 and C, before moving to D for its middle eight. It first profiles Lennon playing a bluesy dry "dockside harmonica" riff,[5] then features Lennon and McCartney on joint lead vocals, including Everly Brothers -style harmonising during the beseeching "please" before McCartney sings the unaccompanied vocal line on the song's title phrase. Lennon had previously sung the title sections, but this change in arrangement was made in the studio under the direction of producer George Martin when he realised that the harmonica part encroached on the vocal (Lennon needed to begin playing the harmonica again on the same beat as the "do" of "love me do".[6] Although when a similar situation later occurred on the "Please Please Me" single session, the harmonica was superimposed afterwards using tape-to-tape overdubbing).[7] Described by Ian MacDonald as "standing out like a bare brick wall in a suburban sitting-room, 'Love Me Do', [with its] blunt working class northernness, rang the first faint chime of a revolutionary bell" compared to the standard Tin Pan Alley productions occupying the charts at the time.[8]

"Love Me Do" was recorded by the Beatles on three different occasions with three different drummers at EMI Studios in London:

  • Recorded on 6 June 1962 with Pete Best drumming. This version is available on Anthology 1.
  • Recorded on 4 September 1962 with Ringo Starr drumming as they had fired Pete Best and let Starr join.
  • Recorded on 11 September 1962, Andy White recorded the drums, because George Martin wasn't happy with Starr's recording. Starr is featured on tambourine.

First issues of the single, however, did feature the Ringo Starr version, prompting Mark Lewisohn to later write: "Clearly, the 11 September version was not regarded as having been a significant improvement after all".[9] It was also later included on the compilation albums Rarities (American version) and Past Masters, Volume One. The Andy White version is included on their debut LP Please Please Me, and their Hits LP. The first CD release has both drummers and both versions.

A fourth version of "Love Me Do" was later released. This version, featuring Starr drumming, was recorded eight times at the BBC in 1962 and 1963, and included on the live album Live at the BBC.

In 1969, during the Get Back sessions, the Beatles played the song in a slower, more bluesy form than they had in earlier recordings. It is now available on a bootleg version.


First recording session and use of harmonica[]

On 4 September 1962, Brian Epstein paid for the Beatles, along with their new drummer, Ringo Starr, to fly down from Liverpool to London.[10] After first checking into their Chelsea hotel, they arrived at EMI Studios early in the afternoon where they set up their equipment in Studio 3 and began rehearsing six songs including: "Please Please Me", "Love Me Do" and a song originally composed for Adam Faith by Mitch Murray called "How Do You Do It?" which George Martin "was insisting, in the apparent absence of any stronger original material, would be the group's first single".[11][12] Lennon and McCartney had yet to impress Martin with their songwriting ability, and the Beatles had been signed as recording artistes on the basis of their charismatic appeal: "It wasn't a question of what they could do [as] they hadn't written anything great at that time."[13] "But what impressed me most was their personalities. Sparks flew off them when you talked to them"[14] During the course of an evening session that then followed (7:00 pm to 10:00 pm in Studio 2) they recorded "How Do You Do It" and "Love Me Do". An attempt at "Please Please Me" was made, but at this stage it was quite different to its eventual treatment and it was dropped by Martin. This was a disappointment for the group as they had hoped it would be the B-side to "Love Me Do".[15]

The Beatles were keen to record their own material, something which was almost unheard of at that time, and it is generally accepted that it is to George Martin's credit that they were allowed to float their own ideas in the first instance. But Martin insisted that unless they could write something as commercial as "How Do You Do It?" then the Tin Pan Alley practice of having the group record songs by professional songwriters (which was standard procedure then, and is still common today) would be followed.[11] MacDonald points out, however: "It's almost certainly true that there was no other producer on either side of the Atlantic then capable of handling the Beatles without damaging them — let alone of cultivating and catering to them with the gracious, open-minded adeptness for which George Martin is universally respected in the British pop industry." Martin rejects however the view that he was the "genius" behind the group: "I was purely an interpreter. The genius was theirs: no doubt about that."[16]

It was on the 4 September session that, according to McCartney, Martin suggested using a harmonica.[2] However, Lennon's harmonica part was present on the Anthology 1 version of the song recorded during the 6 June audition with Pete Best on drums.[17] Also, Martin's own recollection of this is different, saying: "I picked up on 'Love Me Do' because of the harmonica sound", adding: "I loved wailing harmonica — it reminded me of the records I used to issue of Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee. I felt it had a definite appeal."[18] Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee would be an influence on Bob Dylan, who, in turn, would later influence the Beatles.[19]

Lennon had learned to play a chromatic harmonica that his Uncle George (late husband of his Aunt Mimi) had given to him as a child. But the instrument being used at this time was one stolen by Lennon from a music shop in Arnhem, the Netherlands, in 1960, as the Beatles first journeyed to Hamburg by road.[20][18][21] Lennon would have had this with him at the EMI audition on 6 June as Bruce Channel's "Hey Baby", with its harmonica intro, and a hit in the UK in March 1962, was one of the thirty three songs the Beatles had prepared (although only four were recorded: "Bésame Mucho"; "Love Me Do"; "P.S. I Love You" and "Ask Me Why", of which only "Bésame Mucho" and "Love Me Do" survive and appear on Anthology 1). Brian Epstein had also booked American Bruce Channel to top a NEMS Enterprises promotion at New Brighton's Tower Ballroom, in Wallasey on 21 June 1962, just a few weeks after "Hey Baby" had charted, and placed the Beatles a prestigious second on the bill. Lennon was so impressed that night with Channel's harmonica player, Delbert McClinton,[22] that he later approached him for advice on how to play the instrument.[23] Lennon makes reference also to Frank Ifield's "I Remember You" and its harmonica intro, a huge number one hit in the U.K in July 1962, saying: "The gimmick was the harmonica. There was a terrible thing called "I Remember You", and we did those numbers; and we started using it on "Love Me Do" just for arrangements".[24] The harmonica was to become a feature of the Beatles' early hits such as "Love Me Do", "Please Please Me" and "From Me to You" as well as various album tracks. Paul McCartney recalled, "John expected to be in jail one day and he'd be the guy who played the harmonica." [4]

Martin came very close to issuing "How Do You Do It?" as the Beatles' first single (it would also re-appear as a contender for their second single)[25] before settling instead on "Love Me Do", as a mastered version of it was made ready for release and which still exists in EMI's archives.[11] Martin commented later: "I looked very hard at 'How Do You Do It?', but in the end I went with 'Love Me Do', it was quite a good record."[11] McCartney would remark: "We knew that the peer pressure back in Liverpool would not allow us to do 'How Do You Do It'."[26]

Remake and Andy White[]

Martin then decided that as "Love Me Do" was going to be the group's debut release it needed to be re-recorded with a different drummer as he was unhappy with the 4 September drum sound[27] (Abbey Road's Ken Townsend also recalls McCartney being dissatisfied with Starr's timing — due probably to him being under-rehearsed).[28] Record producers at that time were used to hearing the bass drum "lock in" with the bass guitar as opposed to the much looser R&B feel that was just beginning to emerge, and so professional show band drummers were often used for recordings. Ron Richards, placed in charge of the 11 September re-recording session in George Martin's absence, booked Andy White whom he had used in the past. Starr was expecting to play, and would have been very disappointed to be dropped for only his second Beatles recording session: Richards remembers "He just sat there quietly in the control box next to me. Then I asked him to play maracas on 'P.S. I Love You'. Ringo is lovely — always easy going".[27] Starr recalled: "On my first visit in September we just ran through some tracks for George Martin. We even did Please Please Me. I remember that, because while we were recording it I was playing the bass drum with a maraca in one hand and a tambourine in the other. I think it's because of that that George Martin used Andy White, the 'professional', when we went down a week later to record Love Me Do. The guy was previously booked, anyway, because of Pete Best. George didn't want to take any more chances and I was caught in the middle. I was devastated that George Martin had his doubts about me. I came down ready to roll and heard, 'We've got a professional drummer.'He has apologised several times since, has old George, but it was devastating — I hated the bugger for years; I still don't let him off the hook!"[29] Paul McCartney: "George got his way and Ringo didn't drum on the first single. He only played tambourine. I don't think Ringo ever got over that. He had to go back up to Liverpool and everyone asked, 'How did it go in the Smoke?' We'd say, 'B-side's good,' but Ringo couldn't admit to liking the a-side, not being on it." (From Anthology).[30] "Love Me Do" was recorded with White playing drums and Starr on tambourine, but whether using a session drummer solved the problem is unclear, as session engineer Norman Smith was to comment: "It was a real headache trying to get a [good] drum sound, and when you listen to the record now you can hardly hear the drums at all."[31] Ringo Starr's version was mixed "bottom-light" to hide Starr's bass drum.[32]

Early pressings of the single (issued with a red Parlophone label) are the 4 September version — minus tambourine — with Starr playing drums. But later pressings of the single (on a black Parlophone label), and the version used for the Please Please Me album, are the 11 September re-record with Andy White on drums and Starr on tambourine. This difference has become fundamental in telling the two recordings of "Love Me Do" apart. Regarding the editing sessions that then followed all these various takes, Ron Richards remembers the whole thing being a bit fraught, saying: "Quite honestly, by the time it came out I was pretty sick of it. I didn't think it would do anything."[33]

Ron Richards[]

There are major discrepancies regarding the White session, and who produced it. In his book Summer of Love, Martin concedes that his version of events differs from some accounts, saying: "On the 6 June Beatles' session (audition) I decided that Pete Best had to go [and said to Epstein] I don't care what you do with Pete Best; but he's not playing on any more recording sessions: I'm getting a session drummer in."[34] When Starr turned up with the group for their first proper recording session on 4 September, Martin says that he was totally unaware that the Beatles had fired Best; and, not knowing "how good bad or indifferent" Starr was, was not prepared to "waste precious studio time finding out."[34] Martin, therefore, appears to have this as the Andy White session in which Martin was present, and not 11 September. This definitely contradicts Mark Lewisohn's account, as in his book The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions, he has Starr on drums on 4 September[11] and White for the 11 September re-make.[27] Lewisohn also says that Richards was in charge on 11 September, which means, if accurate, that Richards was sole producer of the White version of "Love Me Do". Martin says, "My diary shows that I did not oversee any Beatles recording sessions on 11 September - only the one on 4 September."[34] But, if Lewisohn's account is correct and "the 4 September session really hadn't proved good enough to satisfy George Martin"[27] it might seem odd that Martin was not then present to oversee the 11 September re-make.

In his memoirs, assistant engineer Geoff Emerick supports the Lewisohn version, recounting that Starr played drums at the 4 September session (Emerick's second day at EMI), and that Martin, Smith and McCartney were all dissatisfied with (the under rehearsed) Starr's timekeeping.[35] Emerick places White firmly at the second session, and describes the reactions of Mal Evans and Starr to the substitution.[36] Emerick also noted that Martin only came in very late in the 11 September session, after work on "Love Me Do" was complete.[36]

Andy White confirms that he was booked by Ron Richards for the 11 September session, not by George Martin, who he says "could not make the session, could not get there till the end, so he had Ron Richards handle it". White also says that he recognises his own drumming on the released version of "Please Please Me", recorded that same session with him on drums.[37]


  • #1 on US charts (30 May 1964), Top 100 for 14 weeks. When it entered the charts, it was due to sales of imported copies from Canada with Starr on drums.[38] On 27 April 1964 it was released in the US by Vee-Jay Records on the Tollie label[39] with White on drums.

Missing master tape[]

The original master tapes of the 4 September version of "Love Me Do" are not known to exist. Standard procedure at Abbey Road Studios at the time was to erase the original two-track session tape for singles once they had been "mixed down" to the (usually mono) master tape used to press records. This was the fate of two Beatles singles (four songs): "Love Me Do", "P.S. I Love You", "She Loves You", and "I'll Get You". However, at some point the mixdown master tape for this song was also lost, and apparently no backup copies had been made. Thus, for many years the only extant recorded copies were the red label Parlophone 45 rpm vinyl records pressed in 1962. This version was also issued in Canada as Capitol 72076.[40]

By the time the tapes had disappeared, the song's 11 September 1962 remake featuring Andy White had been released. EMI would not have been too concerned about the loss of the 4 September take, therefore, as it was now considered obsolete, and they may not have anticipated ever having any use for it again anyway.

Around 1980, a reasonably clean, original 45 single from EMI's archives was used as the "best available source" for the track's inclusion on the Capitol compilation LP Rarities. A few years later, a new master tape was struck, this time using another, better-sounding 45 supplied by a record collector, and this has served as the official EMI master tape for the original "Love Me Do" ever since.

50th Anniversary Mix-Up[]

EMI's planned release of a 50th anniversary limited-edition replica of the original single was cancelled when it was discovered that the pressings contained the Andy White version instead of the Ringo version as intended.

Revised release plans have been announced for a limited-edition replica vinyl version of the Beatles‘ first single, “Love Me Do” backed with “P.S. I Love You,” in honour of the 50th anniversary of its release in the U.K. The 7-inch disc originally was scheduled to hit stores on October 5, the single’s actual golden anniversary, but it was reissued (in its corrected version) on 22 October.


Album Version:

Single Version:

On Anthology 1 version:

Engineered by Norman Smith.[30]

Recording and mixing details[]

  • 6 June 1962: an unknown number of takes recorded for what was most likely an artist test.[41]
  • 4 September 1962: an unknown number of takes recorded. Mono mixing of the song from an unknown take number.[42]
  • 11 September 1962: 18 takes recorded with Andy White on drums. Take 18 used as master.[43]


  • 10 April 2013: the first legal remix of "Love Me Do" is released as single. Produced by the progressive DJ/producer Spankox who also officially remixed Elvis Presley, the remix is included in the EP titled "The Beatles Are Back".

Cover versions[]

"Love Me Do" has been covered by (among others):

  • Alvin and the Chipmunks on their 1964 album The Chipmunks Sing the Beatles Hits[44]
  • Bobby Vee on his 1964 album, 30 Big Hits from the 60s[45]
  • Dick Hyman on his 1964 album, Keyboard Kaleidoscope[46]
  • Sandie Shaw on her 1969 album, Reviewing the Situation[47]
  • The Brady Bunch on their 1972 album The Kids from the Brady Bunch [48]
  • Ringo Starr on his 1998 album, Vertical Man[49]
  • Flaco Jiménez on his 2000 album, Sleepytown[50]
  • Madooo on his 2002 album, This Day Is Forever[51]
  • The Persuasions on their 2002 album, The Persuasions Sing the Beatles[52]
  • Emmerson Nogueira on his 2004 album, Beatles[53]


Chart Year Peak
UK Singles Chart[54] 1962 17
Australia (Kent Music Report) 1964 1
Canada (CHUM Chart) 1964 4
New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade) 1964 1
US Billboard Hot 100[55] 1964 1
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders) 1982 37
Ireland (Irish Singles Chart) 1982 4
Netherlands (Single Top 100) 1982 32
UK Singles Chart[56] 1982 4


  1. 1.0 1.1 Harry 1992, p. 413.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Miles (1997).
  3. Beatles Interview Database 2009.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "87 - 'Love Me Do'". 100 Greatest Beatles Songs . Rolling Stone. 
  5. MacDonald & 1998 p51.
  6. MacDonald 2005, p. 59.
  7. Lewisohn 1988, p. 23.
  8. MacDonald 1998, pp. 52–53.
  9. Lewisohn, p. 22.
  10. Norman 1993, p. 154.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 Lewisohn 1988, p. 18.
  12. Marsden, p. 36.
  13. Marsden, p. 34.
  14. Badman, p. 40.
  15. Harry 1992, p. 528.
  16. MacDonald 1998, p. 56.
  17. MacDonald 2005, p. 55.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Lewisohn, p. 28.
  19. MacDonald 2005, p. 125.
  20. Norman 1993, p. 78.
  21. The Beatles 2000, p. 45.
  22. Harry 1992, p. 147.
  23. Harry 1992, p. 414.
  24. The Beatles 2000, p. 81.
  25. The Beatles 2000, p. 77.
  26. Miles 1992, p. 83.
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 Lewisohn 1988, p. 20.
  28. MacDonald 2005, pp. 58–59.
  29. The Beatles 2000, p. 76.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named BB
  31. Southall 1982, p. 83.
  32. MacDonald 1998, p. 52.
  33. Salewicz 1986, p. 135.
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 Martin 1995, p. 143.
  35. Emerick 2006, p. 46.
  36. 36.0 36.1 Emerick 2006, pp. 49–52.
  37. interview for "Love Me Do: The Beatles '62", BBC TV 9 October 2012
  38. Cash Box 1964.
  39. Lewisohn 1988, p. 200.
  40. Seely 2009.
  41. Lewisohn 1988, pp. 16–17.
  42. Lewisohn 1988, pp. 18–19.
  43. Lewisohn 1988, pp. 20–21.
  44. "The Chipmunks Sing the Beatles Hits". AllMusic. Retrieved on 25 January 2013. 
  45. "30 Big Hits from the 60s - Bobby Vee : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved on 5 October 2012. 
  46. Dryden, Ken. "Keyboard Kaleidoscope - Dick Hyman : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved on 5 October 2012. 
  47. Unterberger, Richie. "Reviewing the Situation - Sandie Shaw : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved on 5 October 2012. 
  48. Erlewine, Stephen. "Error: no Template:Para specified when using {{cite web}}". 
  49. Thomas, Stephen. "Vertical Man - Ringo Starr : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved on 5 October 2012. 
  50. Proefrock, Stacia. "Sleepytown - Flaco Jiménez : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved on 5 October 2012. 
  51. "This Day Is Forever - Madooo : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved on 5 October 2012. 
  52. Torreano, Bradley. "The Persuasions Sing the Beatles - The Persuasions : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved on 5 October 2012. 
  53. "Beatles - Emmerson Nogueira : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved on 5 October 2012. 
  54. "BEATLES | Artist". Official Charts. Retrieved on 7 October 2012. 
  55. "The Beatles - Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved on 7 October 2012. 
  56. Calkin, Graham. "The Beatles - Love Me Do". Retrieved on 7 October 2012. 


  • Pollack, Alan W. (1990/2000). "Love Me Do". Notes On ... Series


  • Badman, Keith. The Beatles Off The Record


. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. ISBN 0-8118-2684-8. 

. Retrieved on 14 July 2009. 

. 25 April 1964. Retrieved on 12 November 2009. 

  • Emerick, Geoff; Massey, Howard (2006). Here, There and Everywhere: My Life Recording the Music of the Beatles

. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 1-59240-179-1. 

. Retrieved on 15 January 2011. 

  • Harry, Bill (2012). Love Me Do: Behind the Scenes at the Recording of the Beatles' First Single

. Washington, D.C.: Miniver Press. ISBN 9780985738969. 

. London: Virgin Books. ISBN 0-86369-681-3. 

  • Template:Cite journal
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. New York: Harmony Books. ISBN 0-517-57066-1. 

  • MacDonald, Ian (2005). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties

(Second Revised ed.). London: Pimlico (Rand). ISBN 1-84413-828-3. 


  • Template:Cite journal
  • Miles, Barry (1997). Paul McCartney: Many Years From Now

. New York: Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 0-8050-5249-6. 

  • Norman, Philip (1993). Shout!

. London: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-017410-9. 

  • Salewicz, Chris (1986). McCartney-The Biography

. London: Queen Anne Press. ISBN 0-356-12454-1. 

  • Southall, Brian (1982). Abbey Road. The Story of the World's Most Famous Recording Studios

. London: Patrick Stephens. ISBN 0-85059-810-9. 

. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-80352-9. 

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. London: Pimlico (Rand). ISBN 0-7126-6697-4. 

  • Palmer, Tony. The Story of Popular Music - All You Need Is Love


External links[]